Saudi Arabia’s progress and transformation is credited to the Saud Family for changing the desert into a flourishing country, oil-rich in reserves, economy-changing investment opportunities and the growth of a simple tribe juxtaposed with a lavish lifestyle, based on the values of Islam and evolving into a modern Kingdom.
The House of Saud started with the founder of the nation, the esteemed, Ibn Saud and consists of his family members and that of their own families.
The Saudi Royal Family – House of Saud’s history dates back to being among the first civilizations in the Arabian peninsula. It consists of all the family members who are also the descendants of Mohammed bin Saud, commonly known as Ibn Saud, or King Abdulaziz, who went on to battle and conquer what is the Kingdom today, from the Rashid tribe whom his father had lost to a decade earlier.
Valiant and a fighter, and also called “The Lion of the desert”, Ibn Saud fought and acquired from the warring tribes of the Peninsula. He was the good king and ruled the kingdom from 1932 to 1953.
King Abdulaziz or Ibn Saud was succeeded by his son, HRH Saud Bin Abdulaziz who ruled from 1953 to 1964 and continued his father’s legacy introducing the importance of education in the kingdom,
HRH King Faisal, the King’s younger brother who was initially the Prime Minister, then became the next king. He was a visionary and a distinguished ruler taking the country out of its old ways and introducing many new reforms and changes that revolutionized the people of the county by introducing Television as a means of knowledge and education and by setting up schools for girls. King Faisal was assassinated by his nephew in 1975 and the whole country went into mourning.
HRH King Khaled bin Abdulaziz was made king shortly after his brother’s death and Fahd bin Abdulaziz, his brother, was Crown Prince and ruling partner to the king during his rule. The country seemed to be making gradual and impactful progress utilizing its oil reserves and playing an important role in the world events each step of the way.
Sadly, King Khaled died of a heart attack in 1982 and HRH Fahd bin Abdulaziz, transitioned into the role of King smoothly. King Fahd, Custodian of the two Holy mosques was known to the country as a very loving ruler and made impactful changes to the kingdom’s socioeconomic development and established relations with other countries. The king’s rule ended in 2005.
Former Crown Prince, HRH King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz came to power in the same year.
King Abdullah, much like his father, had tremendous respect for religion, history, and Arab heritage. His reforms were far more contemporary and speak a language of diplomacy and fairness. His support to the masses in a modernistic approach wherein, steps had been taken to instill confidence, wisdom, and independence in the youth of the country which is still evident today. He was an advocate for peace and continuous efforts to establish the kingdom as a powerful nation have seen the kingdom on its way to success and development. King Abdullah ruled the kingdom till 2015 and his brother King Salman bin Abdulaziz succeeded the throne after him.
HRH King Salman bin Abdulaziz became king after he had held the post of Deputy Governor and Governor and then the Governor of Riyadh after which he took up the role of Minter of Defence. He was made Crown Prince and after the death of his brother Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, he was made King of Saudi Arabia in 2015. His most effective move was to reshuffle the cabinet and many other international visits and policies that led Saudi Arabia to become self-dependent and a strong nation.